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Empowering Change

Who We Are

Parenting Inside Out(PIO) is a program of The Pathfinder Network,  a 501©(3) non-profit. We offer an evidence-based parenting skills training program specifically designed for justice-involved parents. Our collaborative effort supports both incarcerated and community-based parents, focusing on enhancing parenting skills, reinforcing family connections, and aiding in successful reentry and the reduction of recidivism.

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Our History

Parenting Inside Out (PIO) was created through a six-year collaboration of scientists, practitioners, policymakers, incarcerated parents and their families, and instructional designers. Both the information and skills in the program, and the way information and skills are presented, were informed by knowledge derived from research and practice. PIO’s journey began in 2000, developed by the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC) in partnership with the State of Oregon Department of Corrections and Pathfinders of Oregon, now The Pathfinder Network.

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The development team was led by Dr. J. Mark Eddy, a licensed psychologist and scientist at the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC). Primary team members included Dr. Rex Newton, a staff member of Pathfinders of Oregon and a prison psychologist who had worked with parents in prison and on probation and parole for over three decades; Dr. Charles R. Martinez, Jr., a licensed psychologist and scientist at OSLC and a faculty member at the University of Oregon; Dr. Leslie Leve, a developmental psychologist and scientist at OSLC; and Ms. Tracy Schiffmann, an instructional designer, adult learning specialist, and experienced parent educator. To launch the development process, the team conducted numerous focus groups and individual interviews with incarcerated parents; conducted an extensive literature review of parenting programs for families at-risk, incarcerated parents, and children of incarcerated parents, and consulted with practitioners working with incarcerated parents. A key starting place for PIO was the wealth of knowledge derived from experience with the cognitive-behavioral parent management training (PMT) programs developed at OSLC from the 1960’s to the 1990’s.

Pathfinders class

Working within five correctional facilities of the Oregon Department of Corrections, the curriculum was developed, pilot-tested, and refined over three years. Following this work, an initial outline for the program was created, and sessions were drafted, pilot-tested, and refined. The parenting coaches who taught the initial drafts of the program, including Ms. Barbara Chow, Ms. Ashley Brown, Mr. Pernell Brown, and Ms. Laura Olin, played important roles in shaping the curriculum. Following the pilot, the curriculum was reviewed by practitioners, advocacy group representatives, researchers, and incarcerated and caregiver parents, and final revisions were made. Throughout the development process, members of the State of Oregon Children’s Project gave key input, as did the members of the Lifer’s Club at the Oregon State Penitentiary. The final draft was completed in 2006.

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The development of PIO was supported by four primary funders: the National Institute of Mental Health, the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, the Oregon Department of Corrections, and Pathfinders of Oregon, now The Pathfinder Network. With a $2.1 million grant from the National Institute of Health in 2003, PIO underwent rigorous evaluation in the Parent Child Study, leading to its placement on the National Registry of Evidence-based Practices and Programs in 2012. In 2014, PIO was placed on the Federal of Prisons family programs list.


Continually evolving, PIO’s second edition, released in 2017, incorporates the latest in trauma-informed and gender-responsive practices interventions, addressing modern parenting challenges. In 2020, PIO was placed on the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare. Today, PIO continues to grow to meet the needs of justice-involved parents and the agencies that serve them.

The Goals of PIO

Parenting Inside Out provides tools and skills to support parental, child, and family resilience and foster family connections that lead to positive outcomes for the whole family.

Reduce the impact of parental incarceration on children by maintaining parent-child contact

Reduce recidivism through building and maintaining family connections

Give justice-involved parents skills to be effective parents whether they are inside an institution or in the community

The Parenting Inside Out Team

Leticia Longoria-Navarro

Executive Director

As Executive Director at The Pathfinder Network, Leticia partners with agency team members to provide leadership, vision, community and support to the organization to ensure our greatest impact. She was a prior PIO Coach and is passionate about supporting others implementing PIO. Leticia brings lived experience of parental and family criminal justice system-involvement.  

Sheri Sandoval

Director of Training & Development

Sheri joined The Pathfinder Network in January 2013 as a facilitator/coach for our parenting and cognitive-behavioral corrections programs. She has held numerous positions including Parenting Inside Out Coach Trainer, Administrative Support Specialist, Eastside Institution Manager, Eastside Training and Development Manager and Director of Corrections Programs. She is a certified Parenting Inside Out Coach Trainer and is currently the Director of Training and Development.

Luis Ferrin-Beaujon

Program Specialist

Luis Ferrin-Beaujon is a bilingual Venezuelan professional dedicated to community service, promoting cultural diversity, and effective communication. Luis is committed to helping justice-involved parents and individuals with behavioral health challenges. His journey with PIO began in September 2022, and has allowed him to make a significant impact, highlighting the power of compassion and purpose-driven actions in changing lives.

Jason Botel

PIO Coach Trainer

Jason has been with The Pathfinder Network for over seven years. He has a Masters degree in Education with a focus on Adult Learners. His work began delivering curriculum at the state penitentiary and expanded to several other Oregon institutions. He is the Parenting Inside Out Coach Trainer and supports the organization as a member of the Training Support Team.   

Parenting Inside Out Collaborators

J. Mark Eddy

J. Mark Eddy, Ph.D. is a clinical psychologist and prevention scientist and the Margie Gurley Seay Centennial Professor in Education at The University of Texas at Austin. He has served as the lead scientist on multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of programs delivered within systems of care relevant to children and families. He led the development of Parenting Inside Out and was the principal investigator on the first RCT of the program.

Pajarita Charles

Pajarita Charles, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor at the School of Social Work and an affiliate of the Institute for Research on Poverty and the Center for Law, Society, and Justice at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her research centers on the development, implementation, and testing of family-focused preventive interventions to promote positive outcomes for children and families affected by the criminal justice system.

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